A Detailed Look At Lung Fungus Symptoms

Lung fungus infections are fairly difficult to treat in patents since fungal cells appear quite similar to human cells.  This makes it pretty challenging to actually come up with the right drugs that will attack the pathogen but not cause any harm to the host.

Infections from lung fungus are often mistaken for bacterial pneumonia, influence, cancer or even tuberculosis.  Regardless of what type of fungus is infecting the individual, all of the symptoms are relatively similar as are the forms of diagnosis.

Endemic Lung Fungus

Endemic fungal invaders can infect virtually anyone that is exposed to them.  Every single day, people inhale dozens or even up to thousands of fungal spores.  Immunity to fungi is pretty strong in most individuals however, there are a few types that can grow even in a healthy host's lung tissue.  Endemic species are usually associated with very specific geographic locations as well as with bird droppings or other substrates.

Opportunistic Lung Fungus

These pathogens rarely will ever cause a disease in a healthy host's lungs.  They can be established from breathing the fungal spores in or by being injected into the individual's body due to a traumatic injury or burned or severely damaged tissues.  People that have weak immune systems are much more vulnerable to infection such as HIV or AIDS patients, cancer patients or those that have recently had a bone marrow or organ transplant and are susceptible to infection.

Histoplasmosis Symptoms

This form of lung fungus is contracted from inhaling spores that are stirred up out of contaminated soil in the ground.  Those that work in roosts, caves or barns where birds or bats leave large amounts of droppings are very prone to this infection.  Symptoms include chest pain, coughing, hoarseness, fever, weightless, fatigue, joint pain and night sweats.  A chest X-ray will often show many well-defined, small lesions.  Diagnosis is usually made from culturing the infected tissue or by performing an antibody test.

Aspergillosis Symptoms

These types of lung fungus spores are found everywhere in the air and you breathe them in daily without being caused any harm.  However, if you have are an individual with a weak immune system, these pathogens are extremely dangerous.  If the infection spreads out of the lungs and into other organs, death could quickly result.  Common symptoms include bloody cough, headache, difficulty breathing, chest pain, fever and night sweats.  Chest X-rays will often show a peculiar mass in the lung that is referred to as a fungus ball.  To make a proper diagnosis a culture needs to be taken directly from the infected tissue or by performing a series of antibody tests.

Coccidiomycosis Symptoms

Lung fungus of this type will produce lesions nearly anywhere on the body, stemming from the lungs and then traveling outward.  It is extremely important to not only identify but also begin treatment while the infection is still found locally in the lung tissue before it has a chance to spread.  Quite often, the lung infection will clear up spontaneously without explanation and leave its host immune to any future infection.  This lung fungus is endemic so you should make yourself aware of any risks of outbreaks at locations that you are planning to travel to.  Similar to other forms of lung fungus, it most commonly will infect only those with a weakened immune system due to disease, trauma or surgery.

Symptoms can include a rash on the legs, bloody cough, muscle pain, joint pain, chills, chest pain and breathing difficulty.  Chest X-rays will often portray cloudy or spotted regions within the lungs.  Diagnosis of this lung fungus is made by observing characteristics in the spherules or by performing an antibody test.